While the place of women in political, economic and social life is still subject to debate around the world, Côte d’Ivoire seems to multiply efforts, thanks in particular to the involvement of the First Lady, Dominique Nouvian Ouattara. Indeed, she hopes that women will be recognized in the country and the continent. Too often forgotten, their economic, political and social impact in Africa is yet to be proven.
In Ivorian public opinion, it is notorious that women occupy a less recognized place than men in society. If they play a dominant role in the agricultural sector (they account for 55% of agricultural, fishing and livestock activities and 70% of the value added in this area is provided by women), their income is only 22% of men in the same sector.
Moreover, the average income of women Ivorians is 59% lower than that of men and women do not benefit from the fruits of their work (production, transport, distribution) nor from the control and management power that should accrue to them. Significant disparities that ultimately alerted the head of state, Alassane Ouattara.
It should be said that Dominique Nouvian Ouattara, nicknamed “Blanche Colombe” in the country, created in 1998 the Children of Africa Foundation, which has, among other things, helped build a mother-child hospital in Bingerville. And in December 2012, launched the Support Fund for Women of Côte d’Ivoire (FAFCI), whose vocation is to improve the incomes of women and to facilitate their financial independence.
African women represent the continent’s future
Côte d’Ivoire is not the only country in Africa to have understood that women were destined to play a key role in the development of the country. This is evidenced by the holding of a forum in February 2016 in Paris, at the Musée du Quai Branly, entitled “Women, the future of the African continent”.
According to Forum partner RFI Afrique, “more vulnerable to imbalances and violence, however, women are increasingly engaged in the economy and politics. They are also the continent’s biggest chance for growth, health and stability.”
And the numbers speak for themselves: in sub-Saharan Africa, women produce 80% of foodstuffs when they represent 70% of the mainland’s agricultural force. Moreover, as Le Monde points out, “it is thanks to African women that the households are supplied with water”. In Malawi, a small country in southern Africa, “women spend more than 9 hours a week collecting water.”
Politically, African women are also heavily involved: “In Rwanda, they occupy 51 of the 80 seats in the National Assembly”, when they represent only 26% in France. Moreover, the African continent can boast of two women presidents, one in Mauritius and the other in Liberia.
As far as the economic sphere is concerned, women in Africa are also important: they are “owners of one third of enterprises in Africa, and in Nigeria and Ghana there are more women entrepreneurs than men.” “Two women in Africa are in the ranking of Forbes 2015 billionaires, Angolan investor Isabel Dos Santos and Nigerian business woman FolorunhsoAlakija”.
In Africa, women are a real gold mine. Intended to play an increasingly important role, they are increasingly recognized on the continent. And this in the political, economic and social sphere.
Source: Afrik. Com.